1964 kam es zu Zusammenstößen zwischen islamistischen Radikalen und den Sicherheitskräften des Baathregimes. Reisende des 19. [46] Currently, it has two Catholic archbishops, a Greek Melkite and a Syrian, the former residing at Labroud, the latter at Homs, reuniting the titles of Homs (Emesus) and Hamah.[47]. "[26] After his death, he was succeeded by his son al-Afdal Muhammad who eventually lost Mamluk favor and was deposed. He granted the city to his nephew, al-Muzaffar Umar, four years later, putting it under the rule of his Ayyubid family. With a population of 854,000 (2009 census), Hama is the fourth-largest city in Syria after Damascus, Aleppo and Homs. [15], During the Muslim conquest of Syria in the 7th century, Hama was conquered by Abu Ubaidah ibn al-Jarrah in 638 or 639 and the town regained its ancient name, and has since retained it. Accept Dumper, Stanley, and Abu-Lughod, 2007, p.162. Zu diesem Zeitpunkt befindet sich der Mond in Hama … In the following years, Shalmaneser III failed to conquer Hamath or Aram-Damascus. Hama, and the rest of Syria, came under Ottoman rule from Constantinople. Dem Krieg gegen Syrien folgt der Wirtschaftskrieg Die Küstenregion Syriens, das Küstengebirge, Al Ghab, Hama sowie die Provinzen Aleppo und Hasakeh im Norden und Nordosten bilden ein grünes Band und gelten mit den Golanhöhen und dem Jarmuk-Tal im südlichen Deraa als die wasser- und pflanzenreichsten Gebiete Syriens. It came under the control of the Hamdanid rulers of Aleppo in the 10th century and was consequently drawn into the orbit of that city where it remained until the 12th century. Die neue Kirche werde kleiner sein als die Hagia Sophia in Istanbul. In der ersten Hälfte des 20. The most famous was the "Brief Chronicle" (Ancient Greek: Χρονικὴν ἐπιτομὴν). Hama wurde 1178 von Saladin erobert und blieb bis 1341 in der Hand seiner Nachkommen, der Ayyubiden, die Hama an die Mamluken verloren. Die Stadt fiel nach der Liquidierung des Seleukidenreichs an Rom. Juli 2011 rückten syrische Streitkräfte gewaltsam in die Stadt ein, wobei nach Oppositionsangaben über 100 Menschen starben. In Syrien wird Tag und Nacht gebaut: Die Erzeugnisse eines Metallwerks in Hama, das nach der Befreiung dieser syrischen Provinz seinen Betrieb wiederaufnehmen konnte, sind schnell vergriffen. In der Spätantike stammten drei Historiker aus Epiphania: Eustathios von Epiphaneia, Euagrios Scholastikos und Johannes von Epiphaneia. Der Abend wird wechselnd bewölkt. Over 30,000 natives were deported to Ullaba (located in Urartu)[10] and replaced with captives from the Zagros Mountains.[6]. Jahrhundert errichtet. [28], Then in the 18th century, it became a part of the holdings of the governor of Damascus. Am 31. Jahrhundert auch Hama in Bedrängnis. Danach zog Sargon gegen Hanunu von Gaza, der bei Rapihu vernichtend geschlagen und gefangen wurde, während sein Verbündeter Re'e,[6] der „Tartan“ des ägyptischen Pharao, zurück nach Ägypten floh. Chr.) "[26] In 1400, Timurlane took Hama, along with nearby Homs and Baalbek. Als ein Zentrum der Proteste in Syrien 2011 rückte Hama in den Blickpunkt der Weltöffentlichkeit. Originally they were used to route water into aqueducts, which led into the town and the neighbouring agricultural areas. Ceasefire violations | Regime forces and rebels trade fire in Jabal Al-Zawiyah and Sahl Al-Ghab, amid regime bombardment on Aleppo, Idlib and Hama Hama Syrien berichtet von israelischen Raketenangriffen. Die Schindung Jau-bi'dis ist im Saal VIII (Platte 25) in Nimrud bildlich dargestellt. [29] After the passing of the Vilayet Law in 1864, Hama became the capital of the Sanjak of Hama (gaining the city more administrative powers), part of the larger vilayet of Sham.[18]. Die Frühtemperaturen liegen um 12 Grad. Juli 2011 rückten syrische Streitkräfte gewaltsam in die Stadt ein, wobei nach Oppositionsangaben über 100 Menschen starben. Konflikt in Nahost Tote bei israelischen Angriffen in Syrien. In the early 1980s, Hama had emerged as a major source of opposition to the Ba'ath government during the Sunni armed Islamist uprising, which had begun in 1976. It is as "Epiphania" that it is best known in ecclesiastical documents. It was first made capital of one of the liwas ("districts") of the vilayet ("province") of Tripoli. This ushered in an era of stability and prosperity in Hama as the Ayyubids ruled it almost continuously until 1342. [32] Tanks and artillery shelled the neighbourhoods held by the insurgents indiscriminately, and government forces are alleged to have executed thousands of prisoners and civilian residents after subduing the revolt, which became known as the Hama massacre. [18] Geographer Yaqut al-Hamawi, who was born in Hama, described it in 1225 as a large town surrounded by a strongly built wall. (858 v. Chr. In Byzantine days Hama was known as Emath or Emathoùs (Εμαθούς in Greek). Hama, Syrien : Alle Informationen für die Vorbereitung Ihrer Reise nach Hama. [16], The Romans took over original settlements such as Hama and made them their own. Hälfte 9. The 1925 Hama uprising occurred in the city during the Great Syrian Revolt against the French. Its climate is classified as semi-arid (BSk) in Köppen-Geiger system. Die Einwohner Hamas stehen in dem Ruf, islamisch-konservativ zu sein. Dabei wurden, insbesondere in der historischen Altstadt, große Verwüstungen angerichtet und schätzungsweise 30.000 Menschen kamen zu Tode. Sehen Sie weitere interessante Fotos auf Sputnik Deutschland It is the provincial capital of the Hama Governorate. During the French Mandate, the district of Hama contained within its bounds the municipality of Hama and 114 villages. London: Interlink Books. Under the Seleucids there was a revival in the fortunes of Hama. Thus, the hinterland was owned by landowning elites. The Byzantine historian John of Epiphania was born in Hama in the 6th century. Updated: Your Cheat Sheet to the Syrian Conflict, Stephanus of Byzantium, Ethnica, §E274.17, "In Syria, the government is the real rebel – Opinion", "Survivors of Syria's Hama massacres by Assad forces watch, and hope", "Mosaic painting dating back to fifth century AD discovered in Hama countryside", "Early Byzantine mosaic floor discovered in Syria's Hama", "World Map of the Köppen-Geiger climate classification updated", National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Al-Hasakah Governorate campaign (2012–2013), Rif Dimashq offensive (Nov 2012-Feb 2013), East Ghouta inter-rebel conflict (Apr-May), September Urum al-Kubra aid convoy attack, Turkish military operation in Idlib Governorate, Syrian Liberation Front–Tahrir al-Sham conflict, Arab Socialist Ba'ath Party – Syria Region, National Coordination Committee for Democratic Change, International demonstrations and protests, First Northern Syria Demilitarization Deal, Second Northern Syria Demilitarization Deal, Fourth Extraordinary Session of the Islamic Summit Conference, International recognition of the Syrian National Council, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Hama&oldid=1014798715, Pages with non-numeric formatnum arguments, Articles with dead external links from February 2012, Pages using infobox settlement with possible demonym list, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2016, Articles containing Ancient Greek (to 1453)-language text, Pages using multiple image with manual scaled images, Articles incorporating a citation from the 1913 Catholic Encyclopedia with no article parameter, Articles incorporating text from the 1913 Catholic Encyclopedia with no article parameter, Articles with Arabic-language sources (ar), Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with multiple identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, the museum, housed in an 18th-century Ottoman governor residence (, This page was last edited on 29 March 2021, at 04:07. Jahrhunderts beschrieben den überaus konservativen Geist der Bevölkerung von Hama. Die Stadt liegt am Orontes im Zentrum der mittelsyrischen Ackerbauebene an der Fernstraße zwischen Aleppo und Damaskus. The Aramaeans were allowed to return to the city, which was renamed Epiphaneia[6] (Ancient Greek: Ἐπιφάνεια),[15] after the Seleucid Emperor Antiochus IV Epiphanes. Later on, the state of Sam'al came to rule both Hamath and Aram. [14], Das DAI Damaskus hat das Projekt Topographical Survey of the Old Town of Hama gestartet, dabei widmen sich die Forscher vor allem der Baudokumentation. [25] Hama was sacked by the Mongols in 1260, as were most other Syrian cities, but the Mongols were defeated that same year and then again in 1303 by the Mamluks who succeeded the Ayyubids as rulers of the region. As early as the spring of 1964, Hama became the epicenter of an uprising by conservative forces, encouraged by speeches from mosque preachers, denouncing the policies of the Ba'ath. Sonntag 05.04.2020 8:25 - Linke Zeitung The prophet Amos also named the town "Hamath the Great" Amos 6:2). Vejret i Hama i August 2020. Nach einem Aufstand wurde Hama 738 v. Chr. Sonntag 05.04.2020 8:25 - Linke Zeitung Vejrfænomener optaget i de foregående år i Hama ☃ Vandtemperatur i lokaliteter i Hama ☀ Ferie vejr for Hama i August ☔. 1157 wurde die Stadt durch ein Erdbeben erschüttert und gelangte in der Folgezeit unter die Kontrolle der Zengiden. als assyrischer Vasallenkönig. #Idlib_under_Fire ‎#إدلب_تحت_النار #idlip_yaniyor Mainz Datum: 18.01.2020 Treffpunkt: 15.30 Uhr, Hauptbahnhof Mainz(Vorplatz) 15 10.01.2020 Maarat an-Numan, Idlib - Syrien Abwurf von Fassbomben [44] Hama is still a Roman Catholic titular see (referred to as "Hamath" or Amath"), suffragan of Apamea. hatte Jau-bi'di, „einer aus dem Troß“, „ein böser Hethiter“ die Macht in Hama an sich gerissen und sich dann mit Arpad, Simirra, Aram und Samaria verbündet. Von Antiochos IV. Ab wann Hama unter assyrischer Oberherrschaft stand, ist unklar, für den Beginn des 8. Hama was made part of the French Mandate of Syria. Hama (arabisch حماة, DMG Ḥamāh, luwisch Imat, aramäisch ܚܡܬ Ḥamat, hebräisch חמה Ḥamah „Festung“) ist die Hauptstadt des Gouvernements Hama in Syrien. We'll assume you're ok with this, but you can opt-out if you wish. Über die Ereignisse zu reden war lange Zeit ein Tabu in Syrien,[10] bis Demonstranten während des Arabischen Frühlings 2012 bei ihren Protestmärschen darauf aufmerksam machten. The conflict culminated in the famous Battle of Kadesh against Ancient Egypt under Ramesses II near Homs in 1285 BC. (Institut für Islamfragen, dh, 30.08.2020) Laut dem Nachrichtenportal Arabi21 (https://arabi.com) vom 29. It may be contemporary with Ras Shamra V (6000–5000 BC). [9], Der Aufstand der Muslimbrüder in Syrien, deren Hochburg Hama war, begann 1976. Rejseguide og råd. Die Westexpansion des Assyrischen Reiches brachte im 9. wurden Itti von Allabria und seine Anhänger von Sargon II. 282 Postings. It is located 213 km (132 mi) north of Damascus and 46 kilometres (29 mi) north of Homs. The largest norias are the al-Mamunye (1453) and the al-Muhammediye (14th century). The incredible story behind the Syrian protest singer everyone thought was dead. gemeinsam mit seinen Verbündeten, u. a. Damaskus, Israel und die phönizischen Küstenstädte, bei Qarqar am Orontes entgegen. Universität Al-Baath. [18] Persian geographer Nasir Khusraw noted in 1047 that Hama was "well populated" and stood on the banks of the Orontes River. In 743 BC, Tiglath-Pileser III took a number of towns in the territory of Hamath, distributed the territories among his generals, and forcibly removed 1,223 selected inhabitants to the valley of the Upper Tigris; he exacted tribute from Hamath's king, Eni-Ilu (Eniel). However, unlike other former Ayyubid cities, the Mamluks reinstated Ayyubid rule in Hama by making Abu al-Fida, the historian and geographer, governor of the city and he reigned from 1310 to 1332. Maximum in Hama Dies ist der Moment, an dem die Finsternis in Hama die größte Magnitude erreicht, während der Mond sich dort über dem Horizont befindet. Dieses Profil melden Info Ich liebe es, Code zu schreiben. Ottoman rule ended in 1918, after their defeat in World War I to the Allied Forces. All his works lost. [43] Hama is reputed to be the most conservative Sunni Muslim city in Syria since French Mandate times. In dieser Zeit war Hama ein wichtiges Handelszentrum geworden. [2], Dänische Archäologen entdeckten bei Ausgrabungen 1931 bis 1938 an dem am nördlichen Stadtrand des modernen Hama gelegenen Haupthügel Siedlungsspuren aus dem 5. vorchristlichen Jahrtausend und insgesamt zwölf Schichten bis in die islamische Zeit. [42] A 2005 estimate had Hama's population at around 325,000 inhabitants. After the death of Shalmaneser III, the former allies Hamath and Aram-Damascus fell out, and Aram-Damascus seems to have taken over some of Hamath's territory. Juli 2011 rückten syrische Streitkräfte gewaltsam in die Stadt ein, wobei nach Oppositionsangaben über 100 Menschen starben. (R. D. Barnett, "Hamath and Nimrud: Shell Fragments from Hamath and the Provenance of the Nimrud Ivories.". Zakir was besieged in his fortress of Hazrak, but saved by intervention of the God Baalshamin. Im Jahre 639 eroberten die muslimischen Araber die oströmische Stadt. The Syrian government sent tanks and troops into the quarters of Hama's old city to put down the insurrection.[30]. In 738 BC, Hamath is listed among the cities again conquered by Assyrian troops. [14], In the second half of the 4th century BC the modern region of Syria came under the influence of Greco-Roman culture, following long lasting semitic and Persian cultures. Solomon, it would seem, took possession of Hamath and its territory and built store cities (1 Kings 4:21–24; 2 Chronicles 8:4). In Syrien rollen die Panzer, aber die Welt sieht davon nicht viel. War on terrorism in Syria bis ca. Juli 2020 bereitet die russische Regierung den Bau einer Kirche nach dem Vorbild der Hagia Sophia in Istanbul in der syrischen Stadt Hama vor. 1516 kam die Stadt dann an die Osmanen und blieb es bis zum Ende des Ersten Weltkrieges. The city was the site of conflict between the Syrian military and opposition forces as one of the main arenas of the Syrian civil war during the 2011 siege of Hama. Neuf ans après le début du conflit, les Syriens continuent de subir les effets de la guerre, l’absence de reconstruction et la crise économique. Der assyrische König sammelte seine Truppen in Qarqar, der Lieblingsstadt von Jau-bi'di, die er belagerte und verbrannte. It gradually expanded to both banks of the Orontes River, with the suburb on the right bank being connected to the town proper by a newly built bridge. In the south, the Hittites were in conflict with the Egyptians. This party's ascent to power in 1963 signaled the end of power for the landowning elite. Hama, Bezirk Hama, Gouvernement Hama, Syrien Deutsche Kriegsgräberstätte Erster Weltkrieg. 719 v. Chr. [5] The excavation took place between 1931 and 1938 under the direction of Harald Ingholt. The painting, which was decorated with geometric shapes and inscriptions in Latin, was unearthed in Tell-Salhab area in Khareb village.[34][35]. [18] These were considered the "dark years" of Hama as the local rulers of northern and southern Syria struggled for dominance in the region. [19] Although the city's history is obscure at this time period, it is known that Hama was a walled market town with a ring of outlying cities. Am 31. 1401 wurde die Stadt von den Timuriden zerstört. Sechs mit dem Iran verbündete Kämpfer sollen getötet worden sein. The city is renowned for its seventeen norias used for watering the gardens, which are locally claimed to date back to 1100 BC. [16], Eustathius of Epiphaneia (Ancient Greek: Εὐστάθιος Ἐπιφανεύς) was a Greek historian. During that period there was an old saying reflecting this characteristic: "In Damascus, it takes only three men to make a political demonstration, while in Hama it takes only three men to get the town to pray. ... Israel führt regelmäßig Luftangriffe auf Ziele in Syrien aus, bekennt sich jedoch selten zu einzelnen Operationen. In 1932, while Hama was under the French Mandate, there were approximately 50,000 residents. Following its capture, it came under the administration of Jund Hims and remained so throughout the rule of Umayyads until the 9th century.[18]. Der Bürgerkrieg in Syrien tobt seit neun Jahren. Eni-ilu ab 738 v. Chr. Hama (Arabic: حَمَاة‎ Ḥamāh, [ħaˈmaː]; Syriac: ܚܡܬ‎ Ḥmṭ, "fortress"; Biblical Hebrew: חֲמָת Ḥamāth) is a city on the banks of the Orontes River in west-central Syria. This website uses cookies to improve your experience. Akram al-Hawrani, a member of an impoverished notable family in Hama, began to agitate for land reform and better social conditions. [citation needed]. With a population of 854,000 (2009 census), Hama is the fourth-largest city in Syria after Damascus, Aleppo and Homs.[2][3]. Die Stadt liegt am Orontes im Zentrum der mittelsyrischen Ackerbauebene an der Fernstraße zwischen Aleppo und Damaskus. It is the provincial capital of the Hama Governorate. 24 Juni 2020 20:48 Uhr ... das die Folgen eines israelischen Angriff auf syrische Militärstützpunkte in der Provinz Hama zeigen soll. It is one of the pleasantest places in Syria. Assyria's defeat of Hamath made a profound impression on Isaiah (Isaiah 10:9). [18] He described his city as "very ancient... mentioned in the book of the Israelites. Fed by the Orontes river, they are up to 20 metres (66 ft) in diameter. Langjähriger Wetterbericht. [33] The Hama Massacre led to the military term "Hama Rules" meaning the complete large-scale destruction of a military objective or target. [23] For the next sixty years, Hama was battled for by competing rulers. Hama: Der osmanische Gouverneurspalast Qasr al-ʿAzm, https://de.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Hama_(Syrien)&oldid=206677095, Forschungsprojekt des Deutschen Archäologischen Instituts, „Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike“. Hama weist nach Damaskus und Aleppo den größten Gebäudebestand aus osmanischer Zeit auf. Das Gebiet um Hama ist seit 10.000 v. Chr. It gained notoriety as the center of large estates worked by peasants and dominated by a few magnate families. Jahrhunderts waren knapp ein Fünftel der Bevölkerung Christen. In God's instructions to Moses, Hamath is specified as part of the northern border of the land that will fall to the children of Israel as an inheritance when they enter the land of Canaan (Numbers 34.1–9). durchgängig besiedelt, einzelne Spuren reichen bis in die Altsteinzeit zurück. [15], Islamischen Glaubensgemeinschaft in Österreich, Paulys Realencyclopädie der classischen Altertumswissenschaft, Demonstranten in Hama singen den Song „Yalla, Irhal ya Bashar“, 27. In early 19th century, Johann Ludwig Burckhardt was the first to discover Hittite or Luwian hieroglyphic script at Hama. By then, Hama had developed into what it has remained: a medium-sized provincial town, important as the market for an agricultural area abundant in cereals, but also cotton and sugar beets. Die Finsternis erreicht zwar zu einem anderen Zeitpunkt eine größere Magnitude. Remains from the Chalcolithic have been uncovered by Danish archaeologists on the mount on which the former citadel once stood. When the Assyrian king Shalmaneser III (858–824 BC) conquered the north of Aramea, he reached Hamath (Assyrian: Amat or Hamata)[6] in 835 BC; this marks the beginning of Assyrian inscriptions relating to the kingdom. Toi (Tou) (Altes Testament) im frühen 10. For other uses, see, Hamath's history from the inscriptions was encapsulated by George L. Robinson, "The Entrance of Hamath", "Hamath Wrecked to Terrify Small Opponents of Assyria", The ivories were found there by Layard. After the death of Alexander the Great his Near East conquests were divided between his generals, and Seleucus Nicator became ruler of Syria and the founder of the Seleucid dynasty. Explore Syrian Civil War news on live map in English. Es ist der älteste erhaltene Gouverneurspalast in Syrien aus osmanischer Zeit. Nur al-Din, the Zengid sultan, erected a mosque with a tall, square minaret in the city in 1172. It is located 213 km (132 mi) north of Damascus and 46 kilometres (29 mi) north of Homs. Mevo Hama, Syrien - Detaillierte Wettervorhersage für 10 Tage. [13], Berühmt ist Hama vor allem durch seine riesigen Wasserschöpfräder, die Norias am Orontes. On 29 November 903, the Abbasid Caliphate during the reign of Al-Muktafi defeated the Qarmatians in the Battle of Hama, which eliminated them from the western Syrian Desert. In 2018, archaeologists revealed a Byzantine mosaic painting of a church dates back to the fifth century AD. 25. [1] Für die 1920er Jahre werden 35.000 angegeben, für die 1960er Jahre 130.000, mit Vororten 200.000. In diese Zeit fallen etwa die von König Zakkur von Hama in seiner Stele berichteten Ereignisse: Er wurde durch eine Koalition von Qu'e, Unqi, Meliddu, Ja'udi und Bir-Hadad III. [24] In 1175, Hama was taken from the Zengids by Saladin. Lediglich von 1831 bis 1839 war sie in der Hand der Ägypter unter Muhammad Ali Pascha. [12] Hama ist auch der Ort, an dem das bekannte Revolutionslied „Jalla, irhal ja Baschar“ (Komm schon Baschar, es ist Zeit zu verschwinden) Ende Juni 2011 zum ersten Mal von Demonstranten gesungen wurde. Political insurgency by Sunni Islamic groups, particularly the Muslim Brotherhood, occurred in the city, which was reputed as a stronghold of conservative Sunni Islam. After the fall of the northern kingdom of Israel, Hamath's king Ilu-Bi'di (Jau-Bi'di) led a failed revolt of the newly organized Assyrian provinces of Arpad, Simirra, Damascus, and Samara. A number of khans ("caravansaries"s) were built in the city, like Khan Rustum Pasha which dates from 1556. By an estimate in 1930, only four of these villages were owned outright by local cultivators, while sharing ownership of two villages with a notable family. [18], Ibn Battuta visited Hama in 1335 and remarked that the Orontes River made the city "pleasant to live in, with its many gardens full of trees and fruits." [20], Tancred, Prince of Galilee, took it in 1108,[3] but in 1114 the Crusaders lost it definitively to the Seljuks,[21] during the reign of Toghtekin, atabeg of Damascus. Bisher kein Kommentar aus Israel. Postleitzahl hama syrien. Syria was later divided into three governorships and Hama was ruled by the governorship based at Aleppo. The Norias of Hama (Arabic: نواعير حماة ‎) are a number of norias ("wheels of pots") along the Orontes River in the city of Hama, Syria.Only seventeen of the original norias remain. As a result, the city has a much hotter and drier climate than nearby Homs. The area was subsequently lost to the Syrians, but Jeroboam II, king of Israel, is said to have "restored the territory of Israel from the entrance of Hamath to the Sea of the Arabah (the Dead Sea)".[13]. [30] Starting in the late 1940s, significant class conflict erupted as agricultural workers sought reform in Hama. Der Aufstand in der Stadt brach nach einem Luftangriff der Mandatsmacht mit laut Einwohnern mehreren hundert Toten zusammen. Dezember 2020 um 03:14 Uhr bearbeitet. 1108 eroberte Tankred von Tiberias die Stadt für die Kreuzfahrer, unter deren Herrschaft sie aber nur bis 1115 blieb. [44], The Greek Orthodox Church has a prelacy in Hama under the Patriarch of Antioch. [31] The most serious insurrection of the Syrian Islamic uprising happened in Hama during February 1982, when Government forces, led by the president's brother, Rifaat al-Assad, quelled the revolt in Hama with very harsh means. [17], Stephanus of Byzantium writes that the Euphrates the Stoic was from Epiphaneia. The ancient settlement of Hamath was occupied from the early Neolithic to the Iron Age. Roman rule from Byzantium meant the Christian religion was strengthened throughout the Near East, and churches were built in Hama and other cities. Syrien berichtet von israelischen Raketenangriffen. Ob Hama anschließend Sitz eines assyrischen Provinzgouverneurs wurde, ist unklar. 1 Kings 8:65 names the "entrance of Hamath", or Lebo-Hamath, as the northern border of Israel at the time of the dedication of the first temple in Jerusalem. [7], The Fall of the Hittite Empire saw the Neo-Hittite/Aramaean Hama attested as the capital of one of the prosperous Syro-Hittite states known from the Hebrew Bible as Hamath (Aramaic: Ḥmt; Hittite: Amatuwana;[6] Hebrew: .mw-parser-output .script-hebrew,.mw-parser-output .script-Hebr{font-family:"SBL Hebrew","SBL BibLit","Frank Ruehl CLM","Taamey Frank CLM","Ezra SIL","Ezra SIL SR","Keter Aram Tsova","Taamey Ashkenaz","Taamey David CLM","Keter YG","Shofar","David CLM","Hadasim CLM","Simple CLM","Nachlieli",Cardo,Alef,"Noto Serif Hebrew","Noto Sans Hebrew","David Libre",David,"Times New Roman",Gisha,Arial,FreeSerif,FreeSans}חֲמָת‎‎ Ḥəmåṯ), which traded extensively, particularly with Israel and Judah.[8]. [8] 1946 folgte die Unabhängigkeit Syriens. In July 522 BC, Cambyses II died at a location called Agbatana, which is most likely the modern city of Hama. The city was a focal point for bloody events in the 1981 massacre and the most notable 1982 Hama massacre. Seleucid rule began to decline, however, in the next two centuries, and Arab dynasties began to gain control of cities in this part of Syria, including Hama. [16] Hama briefly passed to Mamluk control in 1299 after the death of governor al-Mansur Mahmoud II. By Will Christou, Ammar Hamou | 2020-12-01T15:02:39+02:00 June 21, 2020 | The younger brother of Hafez al-Assad has been sentenced to four years in prison on the charges of embezzling $300 million from Syrian state funds. [18] The governors of Damascus at this time were the Azems, who also ruled other parts of Syria, for the Ottomans. [18] Hama once again became an important center for trade routes running east from the Mediterranean coast into Asia. They erected sumptuous residences in Hama, including the Azem Palace and Khan As'ad Pasha which were built by As'ad Pasha al-Azem, who governed Hama for a number of years until 1742. bedroht, aber durch göttliche Hilfe und nicht zuletzt einen Feldzug Adad-niraris III. "[30] The Christian population mostly adheres to the Greek Orthodox Church or the Syriac Orthodox Church. In the 1960 census, there were 110,000 inhabitants. Alexander the Great's campaign from 334 to 323 BC brought Syria under Hellenic rule. Lequien mentions nine Greek bishops of Epiphania. The city was filled with palaces, markets, mosques, madrasas, and a hospital, and over thirty different sized norias (water-wheels). Nach 2. The governor of Hama in the early 12th century was Ali Kurd, and his sons, Nasir and Kurdanshah became vassals of Toghtekin. Die Einwohner Hamas stehen in dem Ruf, islamisch-konservativ zu sein. Hamath became an important urban center. [22] In 1157 an earthquake shattered the city. [27], The prosperous period of Mamluk rule came to an end in 1516, when the Ottoman Turks conquered Syria from the Mamluks after defeating them at the Battle of Marj Dabiq near Aleppo. According to Josiah C. Russel, during the 12th century, Hama had a population of 6,750. gerettet. [6] He also carried off to Nimrud the ivory-adorned furnishings of its kings. Syria gained full independence from France in 1946. Die Syrisch-Arabische Armee (SAA) hat am Mittwoch ihre militärischen Operationen in der nördlichen Provinz rund um das Gouvernement Hama fortgesetzt. According to Assyrian sources, they were confronted by 4,000 chariots, 2,000 horsemen, 62,000-foot-soldiers and 1,000 Arab camel-riders in the Battle of Qarqar. Nach einer Inschrift von Sargon II. Level M (6 m or 20 ft thick) contained both white ware (lime-plaster) and true pottery. Wie nachfolgende Schlachten der Jahre bis 845 zeigen, scheint ihm dabei jedoch kein durchschlagender Erfolg beschieden gewesen zu sein. ... Kurz darauf wird in den Städten Aleppo und Hama demonstriert. Jahrhundert v. Chr. Læs en oversigt over klimaet. von den Assyrern zurückerobert und sein Gebiet verkleinert, aber nicht annektiert. trat König Irhuleni (Urhilina) den Assyrern unter Salmānu-ašarēd III. Die syrischen Streitkräfte mussten Panzer und Artillerie einsetzen um die Kontrolle über die Stadt wiederherzustellen. Sie gehört zu den ältesten durchgehend besiedelten Städten Syriens.