4.6 out of 5 stars 187. Xi Jinping: The Backlash. [47] In 1999, he was promoted to the office of Vice Governor of Fujian, then he became governor a year later. Xi first used the phrase during a high-profile visit to the National Museum of China on 29 November 2012, where he and his Standing Committee colleagues were attending a "national revival" exhibition. Year High After Xi's Big Address (Dec 02, 2020) (Bloomberg) -- Xi Jinping failed to provide any fresh incentives for stock traders to push Chinese shares to a 5-year high when he delivered a militärische Umstrukturierung und Modernisierung sowie das Internet. Volume one was published in September 2014, followed by volume two in November 2017. The following day Xi led the new line-up of the Politburo Standing Committee onto the stage in their first public appearance. [273] On 24 October 2017, at its closing session, the 19th Party Congress approved the incorporation of Xi Jinping Thought into the Constitution of the Chinese Communist Party. Has China Won? John J. Mearsheimer. A Memorandum on cooperation within the framework of “One Belt, One Road” was adopted. Er ist Gründer und Absolvent der Tsinghua-Universität, einer Kommunistischen Partei Chinas. During an interview in 2000, he said, "People who have little contact with power, who are far from it, always see these things as mysterious and novel. [232] According to activists, "Xi is waging the most severe systematic suppression of Christianity in the country since religious freedom was written into the Chinese constitution in 1982", and according to pastors and a group that monitors religion in China, has involved "destroying crosses, burning bibles, shutting churches and ordering followers to sign papers renouncing their faith". Abonnieren Sie unseren Newsletter und erhalten Sie die neuesten Beiträge in Ihren Posteingang. Xi Jinping[note 2] (/ˌʃiː dʒɪnˈpɪŋ/ SHEE jin-PING; Chinese: 习近平; born 15 June 1953) is a Chinese politician who has served as General Secretary of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) and Chairman of the Central Military Commission (CMC) since 2012, and President of the People's Republic of China (PRC) since 2013. Download this stock image: Brussels, Belgium. Since assuming power, Xi has introduced far-ranging measures to enforce party discipline and to impose internal unity. Xi Jinping. He became friends with Liu He, who attended Beijing No. [231] Xi believes that China should be "following its own path" and that a strong authoritarian government is an integral part of the "China model", operating on a "core socialist value system", which has been interpreted as China's alternative to Western values. [206] Xi visited Pakistan in April 2015, signing a series of infrastructure deals worth $45 billion related to the China–Pakistan Economic Corridor. While in Zhejiang, Xi presided over reported growth rates averaging 14% per year. [33] From 1973, he applied to join the Chinese Communist Party ten times and was finally accepted on his tenth attempt in 1974. [317] In 2018, Forbes ranked him as the most powerful and influential person in the world, replacing Russian President Vladimir Putin who had been ranked so for five consecutive years. [203], Xi went on an official state visit to India and met with Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi in September 2014; he visited New Delhi and also went to Modi's hometown in the state of Gujarat. At a meeting with other officials in 2013, he quoted Confucius, saying "he who rules by virtue is like the Pole Star, it maintains its place, and the multitude of stars pay homage." Xi signaled at the plenum that he was consolidating control of the massive internal security organization that was formerly the domain of Zhou Yongkang. These number are almost same with those of North Korean leader Kim Jong Un (23% confidence, 53% no confidence).[198]. [164], Xi has warned against the depoliticization of the PLA from the Communist Party, warning that it would lead to a collapse similar to that of the Soviet Union. [35] After a few months, unable to stand rural life, he ran away to Beijing. SOUNDBITE (Chinese) Xi Jinping, Chinese President: "Mr. President, Colleagues, On the occasion of the 75th anniversary of the founding of the United Nations (UN), and at the special moment when countries are committed to fighting against the COVID-19 pandemic and driving the economic recovery, it is of practical and far-reaching significance for the UN to hold such a summit on biodiversity. [92], During the first three years of Xi's term, he initiated cases against former Central Military Commission vice-chairmen Xu Caihou and Guo Boxiong, former Politburo Standing Committee member and security chief Zhou Yongkang and former Hu Jintao chief aide Ling Jihua. View Frank Weippert’s professional profile on Relationship Science, the database of decision makers. Xi Jinping has had a highly embarrassing week that undermined China’s power in the world. I see the bullpens and how people can blow hot and cold. He then went on to Tanzania, South Africa (where he attended the BRICS summit in Durban), and the Republic of the Congo. Asia's problems ultimately must be resolved by Asians and Asia's security ultimately must be protected by Asians", he told the conference. [56], Xi was appointed to the nine-man Politburo Standing Committee of the Communist Party of China at the 17th Party Congress in October 2007. [289] In March 2018, Xi said that Taiwan would face the "punishment of history" for any attempts at separatism. We use cookies to provide the best experience on our website. In March 2014 Xi made a trip to Western Europe visiting the Netherlands, where he attended the Nuclear Security Summit in The Hague, followed by visits to France, Germany and Belgium. Xi Jinping Vermögen. Renate Burger is Head-Compliance & Back Office at TOP Vermögen AG. [42], In 1982, he was sent to Zhengding County in Hebei as deputy party secretary of Zhengding County. Reuters. The son of Chinese Communist veteran Xi Zhongxun, he was exiled to rural Yanchuan County as a teenager following his father's purge during the Cultural Revolution, and lived in a cave in the village of Liangjiahe, where he joined the CCP and worked as the party secretary. The words “new” and “innovation” featured … Als chinesischer Nationalist hat er die Beschränkungen der Zivilgesellschaft und des ideologischen Diskurses durch zunehmende Zensur und Massenüberwachung verschärft. On the same trip Xi also visited Kazakhstan and met with that country's president Nursultan Nazarbayev, and also met Alexander Lukashenko in Belarus. Paperback. They also criticized the practice of "politicizing human rights issues". Oktober 2017 in Peking stattfand, nutzte Xi Jinping die Gelegenheit, die Welt wissen zu lassen, dass China eine "starke Macht" ist, bereit zur Rückeroberung seiner rechtmäßigen Position als "Reich der Mitte" – also als das Zentrum der Menschheit. [180] Under his administration the Strategic and Economic Dialogue that began under Hu Jintao has continued. [154] In the 40th anniversary of the launching of Chinese economic reforms in 2018, he has promised to continue reforms but has warned that nobody "can dictate to the Chinese people". Prominent legal activist Pu Zhiqiang of the Weiquan movement was also arrested and detained. [223] BRI has been called Xi's "signature project", involving numerous infrastructure development and investment projects throughout Asia, Europe, Africa, and the Americas. [162] He and CCDI Secretary Wang Qishan further institutionalised CCDI's independence from the day-to-day operations of the CCP, improving its ability to function as a bona fide control body. Will it do so again? ", Foot, Rosemary, and Amy King. [153] His administration made it easier for banks to issue mortgages, increased foreign participation in the bond market, and increased country's currency renminbi's global role, helping it to join IMF's basket of special drawing right. [221], The Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) was unveiled by Xi in September and October 2013 during visits to Kazakhstan and Indonesia,[222] and was thereafter promoted by Premier Li Keqiang during state visits to Asia and Europe. "[305] Xi was described in a 2011 The Washington Post article by those who know him as "pragmatic, serious, cautious, hard-working, down to earth and low-key". 101 School in the same district, who later became China's vice-premier and a close advisor to Xi after he became China's paramount leader. ... USA bis 1980 am Vermögensaufbau partizipierten, seitdem aber ihre Einkünfte stagnierten während die obersten 1% ihr Vermögen vervielfachten. [290], In January 2019, Xi Jinping called on Taiwan to reject its formal independence from China, saying: "We make no promise to renounce the use of force and reserve the option of taking all necessary means." [106] Although it predates Xi Jinping's formal rise to the top party and state posts, the release of this internal document, which has introduced new topics that were previously not "off-limits," was seen as Xi's recognition of the "sacrosanct" nature of Communist Party rule over China. [183], Xi has cultivated stronger relations with Russia, particularly in the wake of the Ukraine crisis of 2014. George Soros is a celebrated hedge fund tycoon who managed client money in New York from 1969 to 2011. Chinese crackdown on foreign names draws protest - Associated Press Financial Wire. If you continue to use this site we will assume that you are ok with it. $) Rang 28. [246][247][243], In October 2019, 23 countries issued a joint statement to the UN urging China to "uphold its national and international obligations and commitments to respect human rights". [71], On 11 February, while visiting Mexico, Xi spoke in front of a group of overseas Chinese and explained China's contributions to the financial crisis, saying that it was "the greatest contribution towards the whole of human race, made by China, to prevent its 1.3 billion people from hunger". In my eyes, he's just my husband. In fact, there are several potential successors (Chen Miner, Ding Xuexiang, Hu Chunhua) among others on the wider Politburo body of 25 members. [253], In September 2020 Xi Jinping announced that China will "strengthen its 2030 climate target (NDC), peak emissions before 2030 and aim to achieve carbon neutrality before 2060". Hair lay on the ground, after shaving hads of demonstrators during a protest demanding for human rights in the People's Republic of China (PRC) in Brussels, Belgium on 31.03.2014 Chinese President Xi Jinping and his wife are on a three-day visit to Belgium. [170], On 21 April 2016, Xi was named commander-in-chief of the country's new Joint Operations Command Center of the People's Liberation Army by Xinhua News Agency and the broadcaster China Central Television. [311][312], Xi Jinping is widely popular in China. Both are viewed as strong leaders with a nationalist orientation who are not afraid to assert themselves against Western interests. China turns its back on collective leadership", "China's Much-Heralded NSC Has Disappeared", "Xi Jinping has chosen an unusual man to lead the capital city", "Xi Jinping: Does China truly love 'Big Daddy Xi' – or fear him? Xi was reputedly academic during their courtship, inquiring about singing techniques. [232][233][234] According to local social media, officials "transformed them from believing in religion to believing in the party". Within the first two years of the campaign alone, over 200,000 low-ranking officials received warnings, fines, and demotions. The system has faced significant criticism for years from domestic critics and foreign observers. He was promoted in 1983 to secretary, becoming the top official of the county. [161], Xi has overseen significant reforms of the Central Commission for Discipline Inspection (CCDI), CCP's highest internal control institution. In Fujian, Xi made efforts to attract investment from Taiwan and to strengthen the private sector of the provincial economy. [55] On most issues Xi largely echoed the line of the central leadership. [199] Xi visited the United States at Sunnylands Estate in California in a 'shirtsleeves summit' with U.S. President Barack Obama in June 2013, although this was not considered a formal state visit. This assessment was further supported at the 11th National People's Congress in March 2008, when Xi was elected as vice-president of the People's Republic of China. "[228] Since taking power, Xi has cracked down on grassroots activism, with hundreds being detained. [208] Xi visited Russia and was the guest-of-honour of Russian President Vladimir Putin at the 2015 Moscow Victory Day Parade to mark the 70th Anniversary of the victory of the allies in Europe. In addition to being the Chairman of the Central Military Commission, and the leader of the Central Leading Group for Military Reform founded in 2014 to oversee comprehensive military reforms, Xi has delivered numerous high-profile pronouncements vowing to clean up malfeasance and complacency in the military, aiming to build a more effective fighting force. On his trip, Xi consistently alluded to his signature slogan the "Chinese Dream". [200] In October 2013 Xi attended the APEC Summit in Bali, Indonesia. In spite of what seemed to be a tumultuous start to Xi Jinping's leadership vis-à-vis the United-States, on 13 May 2017 Xi said at the Belt and Road Forum in Beijing: "We should foster a new type of international relations featuring 'win-win cooperation', and we should forge a partnership of dialogue with no confrontation, and a partnership of friendship rather than alliance. [299], In June 2012, Bloomberg News reported that members of Xi's extended family have substantial business interests, although there was no evidence he had intervened to assist them. During the state visit, Xi met Queen Elizabeth II, British Prime Minister David Cameron and other dignitaries. Datenschutzvereinbarung * [157] This meant that the state would gradually reduce its involvement in the distribution of capital, and restructure state-owned enterprises to allow further competition, potentially by attracting foreign and private sector players in industries that were previously highly regulated. Xi Zhongxun war seit 1928 Mitglied in der Kommunistischen Partei Chinas (KPCh), Vize-Premier der VR China (19591962) und Gouverneur der Provinz Guangdong (19791981). [217] On 17 January, Xi addressed the forum in a high-profile keynote, addressing globalization, the global trade agenda, and China's rising place in the world's economy and international governance; he made a series of pledges about China's defense of "economic globalization" and climate change accords. In official party documentation and pronouncements by Xi's colleagues, the Thought is said to be a continuation of Marxism–Leninism, Mao Zedong Thought, Deng Xiaoping Theory, the "Three Represents", and the Scientific Development Perspective, as part of a series of guiding ideologies that embody "Marxism adopted to Chinese conditions" and contemporary considerations. «Xi ist überzeugt, dass die Sowjetunion vor allem an zwei Dingen gescheitert ist: an einem zu schwachen Führer und daran, dass man zu viele Reformen und Diskussionen zugelassen hat», sagt Helen Gao von der Pekinger Denkfabrik China Policy. "[134] Control of Beijing is seen as crucial to Chinese leaders; Xi has selected Cai Qi, one of the cadres mentioned above, to manage the capital. Demonstrators during a protest demanding for human rights in the People's Republic of China (PRC) in Brussels, Belgium on 31.03.2014 Chinese President Xi Jinping and his wife are on a three-day visit to Belgium. After the founding of the People's Republic of China in 1949 by Mao Zedong, Xi's father held a series of posts, including Party propaganda chief, vice-premier, and Vice Chairperson of the National People's Congress. Ihre E-Mail-Adresse wird nicht veröffentlicht. Start reading Has China Won? In addition, Xi held the "New Gutian Conference" in 2014, gathering China's top military officers, re-emphasizing the principle of "the party has absolute control over the army" first established by Mao at the 1929 Gutian Conference. It has broad jurisdiction over economic restructuring and social reforms, and is said to have displaced some of the power previously held by the State Council and its premier. [77], A few months before his ascendancy to the party leadership, Xi disappeared from official media coverage for several weeks beginning on 1 September 2012. The statement "spoke positively of the results of counter-terrorism and de-radicalization measures in Xinjiang and noted that these measures have effectively safeguarded the basic human rights of people of all ethnic groups. In addition, he also became the new president of the Central Party School of the Communist Party of China, the cadre-training and ideological education wing of the Communist Party. This visit included meeting with then U.S. President Barack Obama at the White House[76] and then Vice President Joe Biden; and stops in California and Iowa, where he met with the family which previously hosted him during his 1985 tour as a Hebei provincial official. 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Frank Weippert is Head of Research at Lacuna Vermögen GmbH. Biography. [142] On 25 December 2019, the politburo officially named Xi as "People's Leader" (人民领袖; rénmín lǐngxiù), a title only Mao held previously. Xi's establishment of a new anti-corruption agency, the National Supervision Commission, that is ranked higher than the supreme court, has been described by Amnesty International's East Asia director as a "systemic threat to human rights" which "places tens of millions of people at the mercy of a secretive and virtually unaccountable system that is above the law."[96][97]. He was described as a good hand at problem solving and "seemingly uninterested in the trappings of high office". Student militants ransacked the Xi family home and one of Xi's sisters, Xi Heping, committed suicide from the pressure. He travelled in a large van with his colleagues rather than a fleet of limousines, and did not restrict traffic on the parts of the highway he travelled. [271][272] Xi first made mention of the "Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era" in his opening day speech delivered to the 19th Party Congress in October 2017. Diese Geldaristrokatie habe mit ihrem Geld große politische und soziale Entscheidungen in ihrem Sinne beeinflussen können. 25 Nov 2019. [277][278][279], Xi's position has been described as preferring highly centralized political power as a means to direct large-scale economic restructuring. Chinas Machtelite betreibt offenbar tausende Scheinfirmen in Steueroasen, um ihr Vermögen zu verschleiern. [132][133] In the opinion of at least one political scientist, Xi "has surrounded himself with cadres he met while stationed on the coast, Fujian and Shanghai and in Zhejiang. '", Economy, Elizabeth C. "China's New Revolution: The Reign of Xi Jinping. Hale Hendrix-Modified date: November 7, 2020 0. "Xiism as a hegemonic project in the making: Sino-communist ideology and the political economy of China's rise. 31st Mar, 2014. [a], Xi Jinping was born in Beijing on 15 June 1953, the second son of Xi Zhongxun and his wife Qi Xin. Xi Jinping. in Reichtum. [146][147] The following day, Li Keqiang was reappointed premier and longtime allies of Xi, Xu Qiliang and Zhang Youxia, were voted in as vice-chairmen of the state military commission. $), Vermögen (128,15 Mrd. [187], In April 2015, new satellite imagery revealed that China was rapidly constructing an airfield on Fiery Cross Reef in the Spratly Islands of the South China Sea. Xi wurde als Sohn von Xi Zhongxun geboren, der aus Fuping in der Provinz Shaanxi stammte. [301] Since Xi embarked on an anti-corruption campaign, The New York Times reported members of his family were selling their corporate and real estate investments beginning in 2012. [189] [219], On 20 June 2019, Xi Jinping visited Pyongyang, becoming the first Chinese leader to visit North Korea since his predecessor Hu Jintao's visit in 2004. [148] Foreign minister Wang Yi was promoted to state councillor and General Wei Fenghe was named defence minister. After studying chemical engineering at Tsinghua University as a "Worker-Peasant-Soldier student", Xi rose through the ranks politically in China's coastal provinces. Xi ist seit 2012 der oberste Führer, der ranghöchste Beamte in China, und er erhielt 2016 offiziell den Titel „Führungskern“ von der KP Chinas.

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